Science Instruction at St. Paul’s:
Science at St. Paul's is taught in light of God’s Word. Although the world may promote philosophies of humanism and evolution as the truth, we assert that God’s Word is truth. We teach science to explore and more fully appreciate God’s handiwork and how He preserves His creation.
PHYSICAL SCIENCE - Students at St. Paul’s will demonstrate an understanding of the order in God’s physical creation. They will understand physical and chemical properties of matter, the storage modes of energy, and the ways in which matter and energy interact. God is a God of order, which he displays in all parts of his creation. Knowledge of this order and the systems which govern this order is basic to the study of all sciences. St. Paul’s students will evaluate theories of atomic structure, develop an understanding of how matter and energy interact, and develop the ability to predict and describe physical and chemical changes that occur around us.
LIFE SCIENCE - Students at St. Paul’s will understand the unity of structure and function in all of God’s created beings. They will demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics and structures of living things, the processes of life, and how living things interact with one another and their environment. They will enhance their natural curiosity about living things and their environment through the study of the structure and function of living things, ecosystems, life cycles, energy movement, energy change, and changes in populations within a species. Students will appreciate the design of organisms by an all-powerful Creator. Understanding similar structures and processes in different organisms will demonstrate the unity of this design. The study of interactions between and among organisms and their environment will yield a special appreciation for and stimulate informed choices regarding the role of all of God’s created things. Finally, St. Paul’s students will recognize the vast responsibility that God has placed upon them as the crown of his creation to properly manage his creation and exercise stewardship regarding it. PS= Physical Science (Chemistry and Physics), LS=Life Science (Biology-Zoology, Botany), ES =Earth and Space Science (Geology, Environmental, Meteorology, Oceanography Astronomy)
St. Paul’s students will understand and evaluate the theory of evolution, natural selection, and biological classification in the light of the truths of God’s Word. They will be able to clearly explain that from the Biblical account of creation in Genesis we know and believe that God created a mature Earth in six normal days with morning and evening. Evolution means change. Scientific observations have shown that organisms have the ability to change and adapt. Evolution can be defined as the change in genetic material between generations. These changes can be attributed to mutations, gene flow and drift, and natural selection, which are examples of observational science and can be shown to occur. Recognizing these types of changes in organisms doesn’t contradict the truths of the Biblical creation account. Evolution is also known as a theory of the origin of life which has evolved from non-living molecules to the array of living things in the universe over millions or billions of years. St. Paul’s students will recognize that this theory was developed by some scientists who reject the literal interpretation of the Biblical creation account. Others who ascribe to this theory deny the work of God (and anything beyond the material world). Using experimentally determined principles of genetics, St. Paul’s students will account for the changes and variations that occur within living things. They will understand that when scientists use experimental evidence to extrapolate back in time they will draw different conclusions/interpretations depending on the assumptions they make and beliefs they have. St. Paul’s students will learn these evolutionary principles to enable them to participate in higher level science education. Understanding the complexity of living organisms and the changes they undergo and knowing and believing the Biblical creation account will enable St. Paul’s students to defend their faith and be better witnesses of our God’s creative and redemptive work.
EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE - Students at St. Paul’s will demonstrate an understanding of the structure and systems of the Earth and other bodies in the universe and their interactions. By studying the Earth, its composition, history from creation, and the processes that continue to shape it, students gain a better understanding of the planet on which they live. In addition, all bodies in space: including the Earth, are influenced by forces acting throughout the solar system and the universe. Studying the universe and understanding geologic, oceanographic, meteorological, and astronomical processes give the students a greater knowledge and appreciation of the universe around them. St. Paul’s students will describe God’s power over nature as described in the Bible, comprehend that God created a working universe including the earth system in six twenty-four hour days and understand that God still preserves it today. They will contrast the theories of the evolution of the universe and evaluate them in the light of Scripture.
SCIENCE APPLICATIONS/ENGINEERING - Students at St. Paul’s will demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between science and technology and the ways in which that relationship influences human activities. Science and technology complement each other. Science helps drive technology and technology provides science with tools for investigations, inquiry, and analysis. Together, science and technology applications provide solutions to human problems, needs, and aspirations. Students should understand that God has blessed our lives with advances in science and technology. St. Paul’s students will evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem they will also describe how major scientific and technological changes have impacted work, leisure, and the home and are blessings from God.
St. Paul's has adopted the Kettle Moraine Science Standards, which are based on the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). The link below provides more information about the Kettle Moraine Science Standards, including specific grade-level objectives in each discipline of science.